A splendid exhibition had been organized at Midnapur in Bengal in February 1906. The objective was to put out of sight the unfairness of the British rule of India. In the exhibition there were objects like pictures and puppets which could generate the notion that the British rulers, although foreigners, were doing much to facilitate the people of India. There were immense crowds to witness the exhibition.
Touch Me Not
At that moment came into vision a boy of sixteen with a bunch of handbills in his hand. He shared out them to the public. The handbill he shared was having the name Sonar Bangla and it passed the slogan Vande Mataram. In adding up, the right purpose of the British in placing the fair was also exposed. The a variety of forms of British discrimination and dictatorship were also made clear.
In the midst of the visitors to the exhibition, there were a only some devoted to the King of England. They were divergent to the persons who uncovered the discrimination of the British. Words akin to Vande Mataram, Swatantrya the freedom and Swarajya the self-rule were prickling them. They made an effort to avert the boy from sharing out the handbills. Their eyes red with irritation, they stared angrily at the boy, scolded him and scared him. But paying no attention to them the boy peacefully went on distributing the handbills. When a number of people strived to imprison him, he stylishly escaped.
After a long wait a policeman trapped the boy's hand and dragged the bundle of handbills. Nevertheless catching the boy was not so simple. He yanked free his hand then he dangled the arm and forcefully struck the policeman’s nose. Yet again he took custody of the handbills, and alleged to take care and not to touch his body. I would see how the policeman could arrest him without a warrant.
The policeman after receiving the blow hurried onward yet again in search of the boy who was not there. He had vanished in the midst of the crowd.
As the public exploded into cries Vande Mataram the police and the loyal to the British were crammed with wonder and also felt dishonored.
Afterward a case was filed against the boy, nevertheless the court set him free for the reason of his tender age.
The Gallant Boy
The gallant boy who circulated handbills so courageously at the Midnapur exhibition and in that way overpowered the wickedness of the British was none other than Khudiram Bose.
Khudiram Bose was born on 3/12/1889 in Bahu-vaini, the village in Midnapur district. The Name of his father was Trailokya Nath Basu. He was the revenue agent and his mother was Lakshmi priya Devi who was a dutiful lady and was eminent for her honorable life and bigheartedness. Despite the fact that not many children were born to the couple all died soon after birth only a daughter stay alive. The final child, Khudiram Bose, was the lone surviving son.
The Bose couple had desire for a male child but they did not survive enough to get pleasure from their contentment. They unpredictably died when Khudiram was merely six years of age. The elder sister of the boy Anurupadevi and his brother-in-law Amritalal had to take on the liability of bringing him up.
A Patriot by birth
Anurupadevi brought up Khudiram with the fondness of a mother. She sought her younger brother to be extremely educated, acquire a high post and to become a distinguished person. She consequently admitted him to a school in close proximity.
It was not that Khudiram failed to learn. He was elegant and could grab things effortlessly. But he could not be conscientious to the education in his class. Despite the fact that his teachers used to shout at the peak of their voice, he hardly heard the lessons. Thoughts exclusively not linked to the lessons were spinning in his head.
A patriot by birth, still at the age seven or eight years, Khudiram Bose thought that India as his own country and a great country too and the home of knowledge for thousands of years. Why, then, are the red-faced British here? Under the British Rulers people of India cannot even live according to their wish. So he decided to somehow drive them out of the country in near future.
Throughout the day the boy was occupied in such thought. As a consequence often when he opened a book in order to read, he would observe a red faced, green eyed, conspicuous Englishman. Yet when he used to eat, the same remembrance preoccupied him. And the reminiscence brought a eccentric soreness in the heart.
Both his sister and his brother-in-law surprised what distressed the boy. They considered that the reminiscence of his mother bothered him, and used to treat him with better affection. But Khudiram was discontented about Mother India. His agony grew bit by bit
The Sacred Mantra
This Mantra or sanctified phrase, Vande Mataram, which motivated Khudiram, had a enormous history. And superior still was what it gifted.
In 1838, a renowned man was born in the village of Kantalapada. His name was Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyaya. His father had on one occasion been a government officer in Medinipur, the native place of Khudiram.
In the year 1857 there was a battle with arms for the foremost time to liberate the country from the British. Lakshmi Bai, the Jhansi Queen, Kuwarasimha- Bihar along with Bahadur Shah, the monarch of Delhi was in the midst of the leaders of this earliest War of Independence. At that instance Bankim Chandra was at a young age of seventeen. The Indians were overpowered in their struggle for freedom, although they were gallant and smart. Bankim Chandra was deeply moved at this defeat. Indian people did not have restraint, association, and compliance to rules, nor did they have adequate arms and ammunition. There was a figure of Indians who were traitor, self centered and opportune seekers. For the reason that these people did help the British, the Indians had to undergo defeat.
If a person is to relinquish self centeredness, he ought to have an unblemished idyllic in front of him. What idyllic could give confidence the Indians? Bankim wondered about on this question. As a result the vision of Bharat Mata i.e. Mother India came to him. A portrayal of the mother in her magnificence seated on a gems studded throne. Bankim Chandra thought and ultimately it flashed to his mind the sanctified phrase, Vande Mataram which means I salute the Mother.
Bankim Chandra composed a prolonged song, opening with this expression. All throughout the song are depict the form and the splendors of Bharat Mata. A novel by Bankim Chandra named Ananda Math, which narrates especially story of a great effort for independence. The author placed the song Vande Mataram into the novel.
The novel Anandamath describes the clash of the patriotic ascetics against alien rule.the intention of Bankim Chandra was to arouse the Vande Mataram devotion in people and motivate them to struggle for freedom. The freedom combating sanyasis in the novel chant Vande Mataram as a song of stimulation. In this very song of Bankim Cnandra, Mother India is portrayed as Goddess Durga and by the use of many Sanskrit words created the song so that every one of Indians could make use of it.
Within not many days of the publication of the novel Anandamath, along with the song Vande Mataram' became the preferred Mantra or the summons of patriots. On every occasion they used to gather together, they would scream the magical words Vande Mataram'. The novel of Bankim Chandra stirred progressively people. Renowned men like Aravinda Ghosh, Brahma- bandhabha Upadhyaya and Bipin Chandra Pal thrust into the brawl for freedom. They all were charged up and led to foundation of many organizations to train youthful men for the use of pistol, sticks, and daggers. Several significant ones were Anusheelan Samiti, Jugantor, Bharto Samiti, Vande Mataram Sampraday and Circular Bhirodhi Samiti. The strength of mind to liberate motherland even at the price of life, contentment, family, wealth and all grow stronger. Sister Nivedita, the devotee of Swami Vivekananda came in support and heartened these challenge.
Division of Bengal
As a consequence encouraged by the song Vande Mataram, millions of Indians revolted against the British. The state of affairs shaped a fear in the midst of the rulers that their domain in India would not precede longer. Subsequently they made an effort to come apart the Hindus and the Muslims. In the western part of Bengal where the Hindus were dominated in terms of majority and in the eastern part the Muslims. Apprehending this British formulated a new plan. In 1905, during Lord Curzon’s term as the Governor General of India, guidelines were issued separating Bengal into East Bengal and West Bengal. Nevertheless the people of India knew the intention of the British. Patriots from diverse fractions of the country was conflicting the partition of Bengal with solitary voice. In numerous places meetings, procession and non violent strikes or satyagraha were apprehended, with the words Vande Mataram on lips of everyon
Task of Life
The affection for his country had appeared to Khudiram with his mother's milk. It was at this occasion he was instigated into rebellion. The whimper of Vande Mataram which was then listened to all over caught his mind's eye. He gazed at with curiosity the diverse forms of dissent against the partition of Bengal. Inspecting them he could not be unvoiced. He sought after to know their surroundings. When he understood Anandamath, he got a comprehensible vision of his task of life. He determined to contribute his life to the service of the Mother India. He accepted the method of revolutionaries who were resolute to systematize patriotic men, and fight courageously in opposition to the overseas rulers to liberate the country from slavery. The revolutionaries had given up their family, relationships, prosperity and the whole lot. They had out-and-out themselves to serve the Motherland. Men of a dignified character and an unpolluted life, they were not scared of any adversity. Khudiram moreover desired to become one of the similar revolutionaries. He made acquaintances with these people who in turn experienced him in more than a few ways and he provided evidence his merit. Eventually he was set off into the service of the country. Along with this his proper education came to an end.
Understanding 'Vande Mataram'
In the days subsequent to his commencement Khudiram learnt how to make use of artillery like the pistol, the dagger and the lathe, and turned into an specialist. Nevertheless lean, he was extremely energetic. At the similar time he took up the mission of scattering the gospel of Vande Mataram. Sequentially to build an army of fighters for independence it was essential to establish the propitious image of Bharat Mata in their hearts. In order to struggle for the mother one would know her and there could not be a superior option of enlightening people than by the philosophy of Vande Mataram.
Khudiram started educating the song to his friends. He entirely explained its implication and encouraged his friends to become confident by reading the novel Anandamath.
The leaders of the group of revolutionaries of Khudiram acknowledged his extraordinary commitment and concentration in Vande Mataram. They determined to print handbills and to contain the song in order to share out. Khudiram took an imperative part in this assignment. That was the milieu of the occurrence at the Midnapur Exhibition.
As the significance of Vande Mataram broadened, the British became more and more brutal. They announced that it was treachery to scream Vande Mataram. As a consequence, in the eyes of the British salutation our own Mother was an act of disloyalty.
The British Government started distressing the patriots in diverse ways. Nevertheless the patriots had the audacity to march on and ignore all aggravation. Meetings and demonstrations reverberated with bawl of Vande Mataram, which shocked the British. In the event two patriots met, as a replacement for of simply saying Namaskar or greeting they arched to each other with the salutation Vande Mataram. At whatever time the police heard the slogan, they ruthlessly thumped the patriots. They tormented them yet they could not avert Indians from up roaring Vande Mataram. The superior the dictatorship of the British, the larger grew the conceit of Indians. People began to boycott foreign garments and also left over foreign schools and colleges. Swadeshi that is made in our own country turned out to be the mantra of salute to patriots.
The British considered that they would have to relinquish India if similar state of affairs persisted. However they had a misapprehension that they could by force keep the Indian populace under control. Consequently they determined to penalize the patriots even more
brutally. Where on earth the revolutionaries were exceptionally dynamic, the government had chosen unsympathetic and ruthless officers. Those officers would make suffer the patriots they could grasp. They would be nasty to women, children and even elderly person. They would impose insensitive punishments even for petite crimes. Kings ford, the Chief Presidency Magistrate of Calcutta, was one of such nasty officers.
Bande Mataram was a much admired journal in Bengal. The renowned patriot Bipin Chandra Pal was on track the paper and Rishi Aravindo Ghosh being the editor. The news paper not simply in print articles motivating fundamental patriotism, but as well courageously damned the actions and unfairness of the British. It was akin to the proper acquaintance and guide of the patriots, as a consequence it was a nightmarish to the British.
During 1907, the British take legal action against the Vande Mataram on a charge of treachery. The tryout was apprehended at the Police Court of Lal Bazaar in Calcutta. Each day thousands of young men used to assemble outer portion of the Court and they screamed Vande Mataram with individual voice, consequently displayed their smugness in the journal. Accordingly they provided evidence of the support benefited from the paper. The steel helmeted police force used to make ruthless torture and lathi charges on the mass.
On the 26th of August 1907, when such a case was in progress, thousands of youths had assembled as normal in the court area. They had not up till now begun to scream Vande Mataram. They were hushed, and produced no problem. This almost certainly aggravated a strapping. The red faced policeman suddenly started thumping the young men with a stick. Nobody opposed but the lathi in the hands of that strong person wheeled round with a larger might.
Sushil kumar Sen, a lad of fifteen, standing there at aloofness, could not tolerate the scene. Marching forward, he questioned official why they were beating the people with no any reason and tried to stop him.
The Englishman shouted at him that who the hell he was and hit Sushil and asked him to get out of the place. Provoked, Sushil said that he would show him who he was. He all of a sudden pounced on the Englishman and thumped a mighty blow on the nose of the Englishman who was four times as bigger than him. Pulling away the lathi from his hand, the boy started pounding the Englishman himself. Just undergo the blow of an Indian boy, he said and thrashed him till the English man began to bleed. That hoodlum had only knowledge of beating unarmed people; he had not recognized what it was to get beaten. He began to shriek with ache and screamed. Then further policeman came up and wedged Sushil, arrested and took him to the court.
The magistrate who carried out the trial was Kingsford, dishonorable for his nastiness. Kingsford scolded that Sushil had broken the law by aggressive attack on a British Policeman betrothed to maintain peace.
Sushil kumar fearlessly inquired Kingsford why did the peace-loving police man attack the people who stood peace fully. Kingsford commanded the police and ordered a punishment of fifteen lashes.
The police took away Sushil, and undressed him and ruthlessly gave him fifteen lashes. Sushil neither wept nor did his smile become paler. Instead for every stroke, he cried Vande Mataram.
After release, Sushil was taken in a parade by the people. He was honored at a large meeting where Surendra Nath Bannerjee, an elderly leader, admired Sushil's bravery and sanctified him with the souvenir of a gold medal. The National College, in which he was studying, remained closed for a day in his admiration.
The Determination of Revenge
Previous to this the revolutionaries had the consideration of teaching a lesson to Kingsford, who was monstrous in human being. The castigation, which he gave to Sushil Sen, added further to their ferocity. So long Kingsford lived; he was a troublemaker to the patriots. For this reason they determined to slay him.
The British Government got whiff of the resolution of the revolutionaries. It was persuaded that life of Kingsford was in threat. The Intelligence Department recommended to the Government that it was superior to propel him to England. The Government did not pay attention to the implication. In conclusion Kingsford was endorsed to the post of a District and Sessions Judge and relocated to Muzaffarpur.
Mastermind to Murder Kingsford
Though transfer order of Kingsford was made to Muzaffarpur, he did not refrain from his acts of cruelty. It was 1908 and the revolutionaries hatched plan to eradicate him.
During the first week of April, the revolutionaries of the group named Jugantar apprehended a meeting at a residence in Calcutta. The subject of discussion was to find the way to penalize Kingsford who had treated Sushil so unfairly and unsympathetically. Aravindo Ghosh, Subodh Mullick, Charu Datta and many others were in attendance at the meeting. Resolution was maade that Kingsford should be shot dead but their leader was anxious about the preference of an individual for such act. A number of revolutionaries were enthusiastic to acknowledge the assignment. But the leader did not desire to opt for any one of them.
All of an unexpected the eye of the leader fell on Khudiram who was sited at the corner. The momentary look seemed to ask Khudiram whether he could do that. Khudiram on understanding it his eyes glowed.
That task was not as straightforward as going to jail and the leader tried to make him understand the consequences if he was caught.
Khudiram said tranquilly but decisively that the most awful they could hang him. Moreover he determined to take it as a boon and to give up his life for the motherland which he considered as an act of worth. His sole desire was merely to make free the country and he desired to be born again and again in order to sacrifice his life. The leader asked Khudiram to get ready for the mission along with Prafulla Chaki who was quite robust and was a native of Rangpur
The leader of the revolutionaries gave each of the boys Khudiram and Profulla, two revolvers, a bomb and a small amount of money, and sent them with his blessing. They got started full of enthusiasm to assassinate Kingsford.
It was on the night of April 30, 1908 that Khudiram and Profulla came within reach of the European Club at Muzaffarpur. All set with a revolver and a bomb, they concealed themselves and waited for Kingsford to come out.
In a little while carriage drawn by a horse moved from the bungalow complex of Kingsford. Khudiram who had a bomb in his hand, whispered to Profulla to run away before long after he had thrown the bomb. He also said not to worry about him. Lest he survived, he would touch the feet of the honored teacher and asked him to be ready to run.
The carriage came within reach of and it was just reverse of him Khudiram aimed at the carriage and hurled the bomb in.
The first bomb chucked against the British by any Indian came from a youthful hand.
As the bomb came in contact with the coach there was a vociferous blast. A blood curdling sob was as well could be heard at the same instant. Devoid of scrutiny to see what would come about subsequently, Khudiram and Profulla fled away in diverse directions.
Kingsford was fortunate as he was not in the carriage on which Khudiram tossed the bomb. The people in it were the guests of Kingsford, the wife and the daughter of a lawyer Kennedy by name, and a servant. The daughter and the attendant died instantaneously. Mrs. Kennedy, who was critically wounded, passed away a day or two afterward.
No way out
Khudiram began running instantaneously after he threw the bomb. He ran all the way through the night, all along the railway line, with no stop. He stopped barely in the daybreak. By then he had dashed nearly 25 miles. He arrived at a position now known as Lakha in close proximity to the railway station at Veni. He had sprinted without break and was rather fatigued. Adding together, he was intolerably hungry. Buying a little fried corn, he started eating.
In the mean time, the reports of the Muzaffarpur occurrence had reached in all directions. At the very shop where Khudiram was taking some food, inhabitants were talking about it. Khudiram paid attention with inquisitiveness. Hearing that two women expired, he failed to remember his identity for an instant and asked whether Kingsford died in the incident.
By asking so Khudiram had drawn the concentration of those persons present in the shop. The boy appeared an outsider to the place. Absolute exhaustion was observed in his face. The suspicion of the shopkeeper had grown stronger. He kept amused a trust that he would be rewarded if he could depict the criminal. Instantaneously after serving water to Khudiram, he gave a intimation to the police going on their customary rounds close by. As Khudiram lifted the glass to his mouth, the police came and trapped him. Khudiram made futile attempt to take out the revolver from his pocket. Both the revolvers in his pockets were held by the police Khudiram was not the slightest disappointed.
Profulla Chaki, as well, had fled like Khudiram. He dodged the police for two days but on the third day of his exile the police had encounter with him. When they made attempt to take into custody, he ran away. But anywhere he went, the police had extended their net. Nevertheless, he resolved not to allow them to lay a hand on him till he was alive. Pulling out his pistol he shot himself and passed away like a hero. The police hacked off his head and carried it to Muzaffarpur.
Khudiram was conveyed by train to Muzaffarpur heavily guarded. People had gathered in thousands to get a glimpse of the lad who had thrown bomb for the first time in India against the British regime. Immediately Khudiram got into the coach to go to the police station, he screamed with a smirk, Vande Mataram. Tears of satisfaction welled up
in the eyes of the public present there.
Charges of murder were filed in opposition to Khudiram. The two lawyers pleaded in favour of Government while there was hardly any one at Muzaffarpore, who could fight for Khudiram. Subsequently a senior advocate named Kali das Bose decided to argue for him.
The proceedings of the trial lasted for two months. Ultimately, the Magistrate read his verdict and Khudiram was sentenced to death. Yet when the death sentence was being read, Khudiram didn’t demonstrate a dim trace of horror.
The judge was astonished that a boy of merely nineteen years acknowledged death so tranquilly.The judge asked whether he knew the meaning of the judgment.
Khudiram in reply said with a smile that he knew the meaning better than the Judge.
The judge asked if he had anything to say.
Yes, replied Khudiram and added that he had to explain only some things in relation to preparation of bombs.
The judge at that instant felt panicky that Khudiram might make an announcement with explanation how to formulate bombs and as a consequence educate every person in the court. For this reason he did not permit the boy to make an announcement.
Khudiram did not anticipated fair dealing in a British court. Kali das Bose hankered to put away Khudiram. He made an appeal to the Calcutta High Court in favour of Khudiram. The justice of the Court as well understood the character of Khudiram. The courageous eyes and the indomitable appearance of the boy moved him as well. He re established the death sentence set by the lower court but he deferred the date of the capital punishment from August 6, 1908 to August 19.
The judge asked if he had any wish to say something.
Khudiram said that like the gallant Rajput women he wished to depart this life for the liberty of his motherland. The consideration of the gallows did not make him dejected the slightest but his only lament was that Kingsford could not be castigated for his misdeed.
Yet in jail, he was not at all anxious as death came close to his face grow up more brightly. His consideration was that the quicker he sacrificed his living, the faster he could be born yet again and would fight for the freedom of his homeland.
As had been determined, Khudiram was brought to the gallows at 6 A. M. on the 19th of August, 1908, and even then the smile on his face had not grown fainter. Placidly he walked towards the post. He had a replica of the Bhagavadgita. For the very last time he cried loudly, Vande Mataram' and then put his hand into the loop.
Khudiram had lastly achieved his gallant goal; he laid his life at the feet of Mother India. Thus he became immortal in the history of India.
The sacrifice of Khudiram did not go fritterd away. Though it is true, the bomb hurled by him slapped on someone else, but not Kingsford. Yet the bomb of horror had entered the wits of Kingsford. From the very day when Khudiram became a martyr, Kingsford had hardly any peace of mind. Each instant seemed to fetch him death. Eventually, he was so horrified that he resigned his post and established at Mussorie. Kingsford, who terrified and agonized the innocents, himself, died of panic.
The way Khudiram himself became immortal, motivated others by his sacrifice of life to become eternal. With the passage of time, thousands of young men and women tracked in his track and ended the British rule in India. Whilst Kingsford had to relinquish his post, the British had to quit India itself.
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