Bharat Chandra 'Roygunakar' - First People's Poet of Bengal


Bharat Chandra Roy, who was titled 'Roygunakar' seemed to be the first people's-poet of Bengal. His most notable work is "ANNADAMANGAL".

Bharat Chandra Roy was born in 1705 in Penro Gram of Bhurshut Pargana in District of Hoogly. His father was Narendra Roy who was a Zamindar in his times. Bharat Chandra's life was full of sorrow, even from his childhood. The King of Bardhaman conspires against his father and abducts his property. He was brought up in his maternal-house. Later he married according to his own choice without taking permission of his family. From there he fled to Cuttack. Later his Father-in-law brought him back. At last he was admitted as Poet in the court of Raja Krishnachandra. The king offered him lands in Mulazore village where he concentrated his writings.
Bharat Chandra was the last poet of the Style 'Mangal-Kabya'. Though he followed these age-old styles, he was driven by modern styles which give Mangal-Kabya a new dimension. In his other poems he portrayed the sorrow, problems and political disturbances of the society. Even from his poems we can know that ill-judicial system used to prevail at those times. In his poems the problems which are portrayed were the huge tax affected the common people, the trade and business get blow from Portuguese Pirates, and attacks of Bargis-a south Indian Section of people who make the life of Bengal's people more disastrous. Even the difference of society regarding the wealth gets prominent during that time. Bharat Chandra had drawn these problems brilliantly and humorously. He was highly educated in grammar, dictionary, literature, plays, theater, music, and know the languages of Parsee and Nagari (urban Language). His masterpiece is undoubtedly - 'Annadamangal' where he used alliteration, and disguise language very cleverly to spread the preaching of Goddess Annapurna. Though some people criticized him for using ill-cultured and slang language, but this was not the guilty of Bharat Chandra but that of the society. Bharat Chandra was just the medium who portrayed that realistic picture of the society. The beauty, humor, cleverness of the kingdom got pronounced his poems. With use of foreign and country's words, he set up his own signature style in Bengali Literature. Some of his great works are: Satyapither Panchali, Rasamanchari, Bibidha Kabitaboli, Nagastak, Chandinatak and Annadamangal.
He died in 1760 due to Diarrhea.


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