Dukhu Mian- Kazi Nazrul Islam

Kazi Nazrul Islam The Rebel Poet of Bengal

The Rebel Poet of Bengal Kazi Nazrul Islam who was born in 25th May 1899 in the Burdwan District of Bengal. Through his Poetic works he did irritate British Indian Govt. and several time he got imprisonment. The poetry of national activism was so patriotic and instant energizer he was then known for Bidrohi Kobi or Rebel Poet. Apart from this he also raised his voice through his weapon Poetry against religious fanaticism.

Nazrul Bansi

The family of Kazi Nazrul was a poor Muslim family. He at his earlier life also worked at a local Mosque or Masjid. Though he was no fanatic but spiritual. He also learned Poetry, Drama by working with a theatrical group run by his uncle Buzle Karim. During this time he composed folk plays like "Shakuni Badh", "Data Karna", "Akbar Badshah", "Kavi Kalidas", "Chasar San" etc.

In 1910 he left the theatrical group and joined a school at Raniganj. But he was unable to pay the fees and left the school and joined Kaviyals group. Again he could not appear the pre-matricultion test and he joined Indian Army, he was posted to Karachi as a member of Bengal Regiment. He joined this because his political call.

In 1920 he left the Indian Army and came to Kolkata. There he met Rabindranath Tagore and started to learn from him. There were differences between him and Tagore but still they were closedly associated with each other. Then he started a publication 'Bidrohi' a well known rebel work of Kazi Nazrul Islam.

He by several ways tried to uproot British and started a publication "DHUMKETU". He also sang numerous Patriotic songs which earned him a tag of Rebel Poet. The British Govt. given him imprisonment because his rebellion works against British. The imprisonment was mainly because of a portion published in Dhumketu magazine which was agains British rule. There he again started to write and the result came as "RAJBONDIR JABANBONDI".

He was also against the popular Khilafat movement by saying that this is religious fundamentalism. He even criticised National Congress for it's lack of political movement against British Govt. Slowly he became rebellion against British and started to encourage people to form protest against British empire.
During this time he organised Sramik Praja Swaraj Dal and also published weekly "Langal" as a chief editor.

In 1921 he went to Comilla and fell in love with a hindu woman Promila Devi and they got married in 1924. This incident was such a barier in society they both got criticism from both ends Islam and Hindu Brahmosamaj.

Later he started to compose Ghazals in Bengali. Poetry in Urdu languages he transfered them in to Bengali Ghazals which were very popular and Gramophone company produced some of them. He was a muslim poet but still he did compose Shyama Sangeet, Bhajan and Kirtan of traditional Hindu Sangeet.

From 1928 to 1931 Nazrul faced a horrible time in his life. First his mother died followed by his Son Bulbul. Then his wife gave birth two more sons , Kazi Sabyachi and Aniruddha. Nazrul was so shaken he had been taken up Islamic traditional practices like Namaz, Roza, Hajj and Zakat.

Nazrul was becoming successful very quickly and popular too. Then he joined indian theatre and acted on Girish Chandra Ghosh's "Bhakta Dhruva" in 1934. He in 1939 wrote songs and directed the music part for the play named "Siraj-Ud-Daula". He became sheer popular and started to work with Kolkata Radio. During this time he wrote 800 songs based on Raga and Kirtan.

This time his wife Promila Devi got paralysis in the down waist part and to fund for her medical aid he mortgaged his royalities of Gramaphones records. He was also severely shaked by the death of Rabindra Nath Tagore and in his memory he wrote "Ravihara" which was broadcasted on All India Radio.


In 1942 Nazrul was sent to mental asylam for his mental dysfunction. Even the Nazrul Treatment Society sent Nazrul and Promila Devi to London then Vienna for treatment and the doctors diagnosed the disease as incurable and they returned to Kolkata. In 1962 Promila Devi died and in 1972 Bangladesh seeked permission from Indian Govt. for Nazrul to live in Dhaka and offered Bangaladesh citizenship.

To add in his mental dysfunction Kazi Aniruddah died and Nazrul could not bear this anymore and in 29 August 1976 he passed away and was burried beside a Mosque in the campus of Dhaka University according to his prior wish written in one of his poems.
It was two mourning day Bangladesh honoured Nazrul and one minute silence in Indian Parliament in his rememberance.

Still today for Bengali Nazrul Geeti is so releavent and new and would be same as the day comes.

I salute you Kazi Nazrul Islam---Or Banglar Dukhu Miyan.

Kind Regards

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