Sadhak Ramprasad Sen

Ramprasd Sen who is known for Shyama Sangeet

Ramprasad Sen is popular in Bengal for his great composition of Shyama Sangeet. He was born in Halisahar village on the banks of the Ganges in north Kolkata. Ramprasad's family was traditional Tantrik Vaidya family. The actual date of birth is debatable though it is believed by many that he was born in between 1718-1723. Ramram Sen was his father and mother was Siddheswari Devi.

His father was by profession an Ayurvedic doctor and an excellent Scholar in Sanskrit. So the love towards Sanskrit Ramram Sen sent his son Ramprasad to a Sanskrita-Tola. There he learned not only Sanskrit but also Persian and Hindi.


As Ramprasad grew up a spiritual inclination was shown in him. He never showed any interest in worldly matters or practical thinking about life and family. His father wanted him to join his profession but Ramprasad did not respond to his father call. Actually it was sign that he came to this world for some different purpose.

Anxiety grabs his parents that Ramprasad is going other way and needs to be brought back into main stream. They thought marriage could solve this problem. Ramprasad was then married to Sarvani at the age of twenty two. All the customs were performed and the couple took initiation from their family Spiritual Guru or Kula Guru Madhavacharya.

After taking the mantra which was whispered to Ramaprasad he showed intense attachment to Shakti the Goddess Kali. But very soon his Guru passed away and he again took refuge to Krishnananda Agmavagisha. Krishnanda was a well known Tantrik and a devotee of mother Kali. Ramprasad learned Tantrik Sadhana from Krishnanada and began to worship Kali.

Now Ramprasad started to spend most of the time by doing Sadhana of mother Kali and his parent's constant trying was of no use at all. Finally his father died and their family got into a trouble. So Ramprasad was bound now to do some job to run his family and moved to Kolkata and found a job as an Accountant to Durga Charan Mitra.

A story was also there during his job and very popular also. The colleagues of Ramprasad reported to Durga Charan Mitra that instead of doing the job he writes Poems on Mother Kali. But the decession taken by Durga Charan Mitra shocked other collegues of Ramprasad. He was not sacked but asked to go back to his native village and perform Sadhana while he will get the full salary every month.

Ramprasad was very glad at this decession and came back to his village pretty relaxed and started serious Sadhana by now. He was often seen standing deep neck in the river Ganges and doing sadhana. Most of the time he would keep him busy at prayer, meditation and all sort of works. Ramprasad prefered to practice Sadhana in a Panchavati Groove. Five trees like banyan, bael, amalaki, ashoka and peepul are called as Panchavati and very holy according to Hindu tradition.

He also had taken up Tantrik Sadhana on Panchamundi Asana (Made of five skulls-Snake, Frog, Rabbit, Fox and Man). After doing Sadhana for quite a long time and with full devotion he got his Siddhi. Finally he had a vision of Adyashakti Mahamaya. By the he had written several poems narating Mother Kali and hymns about Kali. Maharaja Krishna Chandra of Nadia hard Ramprasad's Songs and appointed him as his court poet.

Though Ramprasad appointed as the Court Poet but seldom he use to visit the court but instead of going there he spent his time on deep meditation, writing Poems and all this kind of work which will keep him busy in the thought of Mother Kali. Maharaja Krishna Chandra was a great admirer of Ramprasad and gave him a land of 100 acres which was tax free. Ramprasad also gave Maharaja Krishna Chandra his literature book called "Vidyasundar". Maharaja Krishna Chandra honored him by giving a title of Kaviranjana. It is also said that Nawab Siraj-Ud-Daula requested him to visit his court and Ramprasad once visited Nawab Court.

His death is a popular story itself. There was Kali Puja going on and Ramprasad sang all through the night the hymns of Kali. In the morning he went to Ganges by taking sanctified water on his head followed by devotees. The devotees were also taking the clay idol of Goddess Kali to be immersed in the Ganges. There Ramprasad went into the Ganges and started singing the hymns of Mother Kali. The water was now neck-deep of Ramprasad, in the other hand the devotees also immersed the Idol of Kali at the same moment Ramprasad died. It was like Mother Kali was taking Ramprasad alongwith.The incident took place around 1775.

Ramprasad was a father figure of bhakti movement in Bengal. He was very popular for the Shyama Sangeet he wrote. Ramprasad was the first who mixed poetry in shakta style and the intimacy in devotion he shown in his poetry never done by anyone before. Some time he will address Kali as the loving Mother and some time cute daughter. Such intimacy he had with Kali. He also made fusion of music styles in the 18th century by combining Bengali folk and Kirtan.

Ramprasad's composition or songs are known as Ramprasadi Gaan. He also had been written some literature like Vidyasundar, Kali-Kirtana, Krishna Kirtana and Shaktigiti. Paramhansa Sri Ramakrishna often sang his songs and use to tell the devotees that these songs have direct connection with god, such was the lyrics and devotion towards Mother Kali of Ramprasad. Even today Ramprasadi songs are not just popular but the miror of Bengali religious culture. It is so new and so appealing even todays pop music era that is surprising. These songs just touch the heart and take one by hand and reach him to Mother Kali. Modern day singers like Dhananjay Bhattacharya, Pannalal Bhattacharya and Anup Ghosal sung Ramprasadi Songs and became popular in Bengal. In todays world these 18th Century composition is still realevent and will remain the same as the time comes.

Maa Go Ananda Moyee-oh My Joyus Mother
Nirananda Korona- Do not make me despair

I like this song very much, it was also liked By Thakur Ramakrishna Paramhansa Dev.

Kind Regards

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