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History, achievements, courses, facilities and famous personalities of Presidency college, Kolkata


Posted Date: 29-Sep-2010  Last Updated:   Category: Bengal Information    
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Presidency College of Kolkata which has recently become an University history. See detail history, achievements, courses available, facilities and famous personalities of Presidency college, Kolkata



Presidency College Kolkata was established in 1817 and it is the oldest educational institution in India founded by eminent scholar Raja Rammohan Roy. Raja Radhakanta Deb, Maharaja Tejachandra Ray, David Hare and Babu Buddinath Mukherjee also helped to form this Presidency College. First it was known as Mahapathsala then it was renamed as Presidency College in the year of 1855. Now in 2010 West Bengal Legislative Assembly passed a resolution and upgraded it to the University. Now it is Presidency University. College

Professor J. Sutcliff was the longest serving Principal for 20 years from 1852 to 1875. The first Indian principal was P.K. Roy in the year 1902. The full time Indian Professor was introduced first as B.M. Sen in the year 1934. This College offers undergraduate degree, Post Graduate degree and Ph.D degree also in the stream of natural sciences, humanities and Social sciences.

In the year 1773 Supreme Court created and lot of Hindu Bengalis shown interest to learn english. So David Hare, Raja Radhakanta Deb, Babu Buddhinath Mukherjee advanced the idea of introduction of english education. The Chief Justice of Supreme Court called a meeting regarding this in his house with some European and Hindu gentlemen. There a proposal was passed and that proposal gets the nod of Raja Ram Mohan Roy. Then in 1817 on january 20th officially the Presidency College was opened with 20 Scholars. The first Governors were Babu Gopee Mohan Thakur, Maharaja Tejachandra Bahadur. The first class was held at 304, Chitpur road house of Gora Chand Basack. Then it moved further to Kamal Bose's house and then to Bowbazar. At last it was moved to College Street.

Amongst Indians the realization of western education developed in the 19th century. From all over the country men started to come Kolkata for studying at Presidency College. The students of Presidency College rose up to 400 and the Govt. thought of not opening any new English Colleges further and also due to shortage of funds Govt. started to subsidy the College. In the middle of 19th century this College introduced some courses like Drawing, Engineering and Law due to the ever increasing of students.

Hindu College converted to Presidency College because of the burden of financial liability could have been taken by the Govt. if they were to open a new college which would be opened to all cast, creed. So to avoid the financial burden a proposal was considered and suggestion came from all corners. At last the Hindu College was converted to Presidency College and function started on 15th June 1855. In 1857 the Presidency College was placed officially under the control of University of Calcutta.

Some expansions were also done as the students increasing rapidly. The first entrance examination was held in the year 1857 and 23 students successfully passed out the examination. In the year 1863 for the first time M.A. degree course was introduced and conferred on 6 students. There was a new building opened in the year 1874 under the Governance of Viceroy of India George Campbell. The final designing was prepared by Nuffer Chandra Pal Chaudhary as a turret look to the building at a cost of Rs. 5,000/-.

The new building was used for science department by classes and laboratory work. The last two decades of the 19th century there was a flow of great scholars admission to the college. Bipin Bihari Gupta, Jagadish Chandra Bose, Manmohan Ghosh and Prafulla Chandra Ray. There was seen a sea change when for the first time female students were introduced in the year 1897. The laboratory of the college is named after Edward Norman Baker as Baker Library. The World War II hampered the plans of building additional hostels. Though the college continued to work excellently towards the higher education on every department. In 1914 a College Union was introduced there.

The Presidency College was an important centre of freedom struggle movement. Several nationalists have studied here and continued the movement like Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobience movement. There was an incident when Professor Oaten insulted racially. In response Subhash Bose pushed down the Professor from the main building staircase. In 1930 Indian Principals got introduced and the freedom struggle movements continued untill 1947. By then it has gained the reputation of the elite class of Bengal.

The post independence era of Indian education was around this college as the great scholars were happened to be from this college mainly. It became the dream of elite class of studying at here and in the 1950's it had became the numero uno of Indian education. During this time lots of left movements were also seen from here. A massive change came to the college as the first female principal was introduced in the college in 2005 as Mamata Roy.

Some of the faculty of the college released an article which was unsigned by duly mentioned that this college should be given a full University Status. But politically it wa delayed and several commissions were set up to look after this matter. In the year 2009 the opposition party Trinamool Congress brought a proposal of giving the college a full University status and on 16th December West Bengal Govt. brought the bill into the legislative Assembly and on 19th March 2010 the bill was passed. Now it is a full fledge University of Kolkata.

Departments of Presidency College, Kolkata

Bengali
English
Hindi
Sanskrit
Botany
Biochemistry
Chemistry
Civil Engineering
Economics
Geography
Geology
History
Mathematics
Law
Philosophy
Physiology
Physics
Political Science
Sociology
Statistics
Zoology

Hostel Facility of Presidency college, Kolkata

There are two residence halls for boys and girls each. The Eden Hindu hostel is for boy's hostel which is very popular in the city. Also a girl's hostel was built at Salt Lake in Kolkata in the post 1990.

Other Curricular Activities of Presidency college, Kolkata

Just behind the main building there is a room which is meant for Students Union. One President and One General Secretary runs the union in the matter of student's affairs and their role towards the college. Now the Union is run by SFI who returned to the power in 2009. Apart from this the college also organizes annual festival where other college students also participate. There is a Canteen also at the back of the main building called as Ray Babur Canteen. There is a Coffee house also adjacent to it on Bankim chatterjee Street which now has become the hub of Debate on Politics.

Renowned Students of Presidency college, Kolkata


Amartya Sen
Satyajit Ray
Surendranath Bannerjee
Romesh Chandra Dutta
Netjai Subhash Chandra Bose
Prafulla Chandra Ghosh
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose
Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee
Michale Madhusudan Dutta
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhaya
Jibanananda Das
Pramathesh Barua
Ashok Kumar
Somnath Chatterjee
Aparna Sen
Vece Paes
And many more eminent scholars...

Thanks
Kind Regards
Manidip
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