About Goddess Lakshmi
Goddess Lakshmi is the Goddess for material goods and the wealth that is for prosperity, purity, chastity and ofcourse generosity for which she is well known. Goddess Lakshmi is the consort of Lord Vishnu. She has four hands depicting for spiritual virtues namely the righteousness, desires, wealth and liberation and sits on a blossommed lotus which is a seat of divine truth.
There is an aura of spiritual and mental satisfaction with divine happiness and prosperity which is always around her and her palm is always extended to bless her devotees. You can see two elephants standing by the goddess spraying water denotes the continuous effort which is done with righteuosness will give you eternal bliss of wisdom and purity of mind.
About Lakshmi Puja
Lakshmi Puja is celebrated during the Diwali days every year, that is, late in the month of Ashwin and ends early in the month of karthik (September - October) of the lunar calender. The thrid day after Diwali, is lakshmi Puja, the day the Goddess is propitiated and prayed for. As like the other Pujas Durga Puja and Jagdhatri puja, Lakshmi Puja also a combined puja of five deities. Lord Ganesha or the Vighneswara who is worshipped at the start of every auspicious act , Goddess Lakshmi in her three forms that is Mahalakshmi, Maha Saraswati and Maha Kali and the fifth deity is Kuber the treasurer of the Gods.
Lakhi Puja Rituals
Lakshmi Puja is the festival which is celebrated along with Diwali mainly in the northern and the western parts of India. The whole house have to be cleaned up and should be pure on Diwali, as Goddess Lakshmi is said to be present only in clean houses. This may be the reason that broom gets worshipped along with turmeric and Vermilion. Lamps will be lit in and around the houses to welcome the Goddess as the lamps are said to light her path to their houses
The elements needed for the rituals are oil lamps / diyas, coconut, dry fruits, incense sticks, holi type coloured powders for the Rangoli, Uncooked Rice, Silver and gold coins vemilion or Kumkum for applying tilak, Ten Betel Nuts (Supari), Five Paan or Mango leaves, Water in a small pot (a "Lota"), Homemade sweets and Camphor, icons of ganesha, Saraswati, lakshmi and Vishnu and some ghee or oil to light the lamps, rose water and panchamritha and a new notebook to start the new account etc.
This day is said to be good for balancing of account books and their closing. Even though it is an amavasya day the day is said to be very good for all the good acts like closing of the old accounts and then opening of a new ones. So this is done by most of the business people during the Lakshmi Puja.
After arranging the needed things for the Puja, chanting of the lakshmi matras and performing the Aarti the Puja gets over.